The Most Common Pet Emergencies And First Aid Tips You Need to Prepare For

The Most Common Pet Emergencies And First Aid Tips You Need to Prepare For

When your pet gets sick or injured and find yourself unprepared, it could turn out to be a very stressful situation. And knowing how energetic pets can be, especially dogs, they’re bound to get into scrapes and injure themselves. For situations like these that don’t exactly call for a vet it's important to learn some basic first aid tips to help your pet.

Here are some common emergencies and first aid tips to keep in mind.

 

Broken bones and fractures

Broken bones and fractures are some of the most dangerous emergencies for your pets and it’s important to know what to do before, during and after an injury has occurred. If your pet has got a fracture look for

  • obvious signs of pain

  • limping and discomfort

  • swelling

  • limbs at awkward angle

 Put a muzzle on your dog first. If you don’t have an actual muzzle simply use a scarf or a towel. Even the gentlest dog can snap and bite when in pain. If there’s an open wound or scrapes, gently wash it with warm water and put a temporary bandage. Keep them warm in a blanket, give them water to drink, and get them to be as comfortable as possible. Stabilize your pet and then it’s best to rush to the vet right away for immediate evaluation and treatment.

Lacerations and grazes

Abrasions, cuts, and grazes need to be cleaned immediately with warm salt water or some disinfectant to avoid bacterial infection. Gently remove any trapped debris or dirt. Wrap the wound in gauze or a bandage. If there’s mild bleeding apply moderate pressure and it should stop when you finish dressing it. Make sure to keep the wound clean and dry and change the dressing once or twice every day until it’s healed. Stop your pet from licking the wound and protect the area with socks if possible.

If bleeding persists or there’s significant swelling it’s best to take them to the vet for further assessment.

Heat stroke

A heat stroke can happen if your pet was outside for long hours during a hot summer day or in a car with no air-conditioning.

Excessive panting and tiredness are telltale signs of a heat stroke.
Cool your dog down as quickly as possible by moving them indoors or into a shady spot. Give them plenty of cool water to drink and wipe them down with a wet towel. Never use ice-cold water as that can shock their system. Let them rest under a fan or in an air-conditioned room.

If your pet is showing more serious symptoms like loss of consciousness, vomiting, diarrhea, and other signs of discomfort do call the vet right away.

Poisoning

Dogs and cats are curious and liable to eat things unsuitable to them from time to time. It could range from chocolate to bleach to certain common household medicines like paracetamol. If your pet ingests something poisonous, you may notice some symptoms like
  • lethargy

  • vomiting

  • diarrhea

  • trouble breathing

  • agitation

 Try to trace the item your pet has licked or swallowed. It could be a plant they encountered on a walk or items lying around the house. Collect as many details as possible about the situation to give a description to the vet. Never induce vomiting unless the vet specifically advises you to do so.

Poisoning can happen through skin contact with harmful chemicals too. In this case, wash the affected area thoroughly with mild soap and lukewarm water, and call the vet soon after.

Burning

Pets can easily get burnt by hot water, electric current, fire, and chemicals. Pets are liable to fall prey to kettle spills in the kitchen, steam from cooking equipment, or when they chew on electrical wires. If it’s a minor burn you can easily treat it at home with some quick first aid. Cool down the area with some water or apply a cold compress for a few minutes. Do not apply any creams until you check in with the vet.

Severe burns will show themselves in the skin peeling away and if the burns cover large areas of their body your pet could go into shock. Keep your pet warm with a blanket and call your vet for first steps before taking them to the clinic.

Conclusion

Even the most responsible and loving pet owner goes through harrowing experiences with their pets. Knowing the basics of first aid helps in getting immediate medical attention, which can make a huge difference to their health, comfort, and safety!
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